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|Friday, 22 April 2005 06:08|
Cardenio is based on an episode in Cervantes' Don Quixote
John Heminge was paid twice for performances of a play called Cardenio by the King's Men at Greenwich Palace in 1613. In 1653 the stationer Humphrey Mosely registered his possession of a play called "The History of Cardenio by Mr. Fletcher and Shakespeare." In 1727 a play called The Double Falsehood was staged at Drury Lane and published as "Written originally by W. Shakespeare and now Revised and Adapted to the Stage by Mr. Theobald." Theobald claimed to have obtained a copy of Cardenio made by John Downes of the original script owned by the actor Thomas Betterton, which had been given by Shakespeare to "a natural daughter of his." Theobald mentioned opinion that the script might be mostly by Fletcher, and his version was not until recently thought to be Shakespearean. However, with the publication of Brean Hammond's Arden edition of the script opinion has become more sympathetic to its potential inclusion of some Shakespearean elements. Bernard Richards staged a version of it at the Edinburgh Festival in 2009, and Greg Doran developed a script for production at the RSC's Swan Theatre in 2011.
Carnegie, David, and Gary Taylor, eds. The Quest for "Cardenio": Shakespeare, Fletcher, Cervantes and the Lost Play. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Doran, Gregory. Cardenio: Shakespeare's Lost Play Re-imagined. London: Nick Heron Books, 2011. [Performed at the Swan Theatre by the RSC, 2011]
Hamilton, Charles. Cardenio, or, The Second Maid's Tragedy, by William Shakespeare and John Fletcher. Lakewood, CO: Glenbridge Publishing, 1994.
Hammond, Brean, ed. Double Falsehood, or, The Distressed Lovers. London: Arden Shakespeare, 2010.
McGee, Celia. "Shakespearean Brushes up His Playwriting" [on a production of S. Greenblatt's version of Cardenio, American Repertory Theatre, Cambridge, Mass.], New York Times, "Theater," May 4, 2008.
Metz, G. Harold, ed. Four Plays Assigned to Shakespeare (Edward III, Sir Thomas More, Cardenio, The Two Noble Kinsmen): An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1982. [See p. xxi]
Metz, G. Harold. "Stage History of Cardenio—Double Falsehood." Theatre History Studies 6 (1986): 87-92.
Shaltz, Justin. Review of Cardenio, or the Second Maiden's Tragedy, directed by Kate Buckley, Next Theatre Company at Noyes Cultural Center, Evanston, IL, April 6-May 2, 1998. Shakespeare Bulletin 16, no. 3 (1998): 20-21. [An earlier version of this review at Shaltz Shakespeare Reviews]
Wilson, Richard. "Unseasonable Laughter: The Context of Cardenio." In Shakespeare's Late Plays: New Readings, edited by Jennifer Richards and James Knowles, 193-209. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999.
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